Deepak Saini

1 year ago · 3 min. reading time · ~10 ·

Deepak blog


Choose The Best Knee Replacement surgeon in Jaipur, India
Get best surgical treatment for total knee replacement in Jaipur by one of the most experienced and leading orthopaedic surgeon Dr Deepak Saini.

Types of Knee Replacement Surgery:
There are two types of knee replacement surgery which are following:

1. Total Knee Replacement Surgery
2. Partial Knee Replacement Surgery

Total Knee Replacement Surgery
What is Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
A total knee replacement is a surgical procedure where the blemished knee joint is replaced with artificial components. The artificial components of a total knee replacement are introduced as the artificial leg(prosthesis). The total knee replacement surgery is performed at the knee joint where the femur(thighbone) adjoins the tibia(lower leg bone). During a total knee replacement surgery , the end of the thigh bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell. The end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a channeled plastic piece with a metal stem.

How Total Knee Replacement Surgery is Performed?
Let’s take a step-by-step review of this operation:
Step-1: Knee Dissection: To gain access to the kneecap(patella) the surgeon makes an incision across the front of your knee. Usually the incision is about 8 to 10 inches long. In minimally knee surgery the incision is about 4 to 6 inches long, these knee surgeries are called invasive knee surgery.

Step-2: Twisting the Kneecap (Patella): The surgeon rotates the kneecap outside the knee area Once your knee is open. This allows the surgeon to view the area needed to perform the procedure.

Step-3: Preparing the Thigh bone (Femur): The first bone which is resurfaced by the surgeon is thighbone. To carefully measure your bones the surgeon opened up and exposed your knee joint and make specific cuts using special instruments. Here, the damaged bone is cut away from the end of the thigh bone and resurfaced the first part of the artificial knee which is also called femoral component.

Step-4: Implanting the Artificial Knee: The surgeon fix the metal femoral component(artificial knee) to the end of the thigh bone and to seal it he or she uses bone cement into that place.

Step-5: Preparing the lower leg bone (Tibia): The next step is about resurfacing the lower leg bone, also called shine bone. From the top of the lower leg bone the surgeon separate the damaged bone and cartilage and then shapes the bone to attach the metal and plastic tibial materials.

Step 6: Implanting the Tibia Component: The surgeon attaches the tibial tray to the tibia(lower leg bone) and with the help of bone cement, secured it into the place. After placing tibial tray, the surgeon will snap in a polyethylene (medical-grade plastic) insert to sit between the tibial tray and the artificial knee. This insertion of tibia tray provides good support for your body as you flex and bend your knee.

Step-7: Re-Arranging the Kneecap (Patella): Before re-arranging the kneecap the surgeon might needed to flatten the kneecap and attaches it with the help of additional plastic component. The plastic piece is cemented to underlying bone.

Step-8: Finalizing the Operation: To complete the operation, the surgeon close the incision with stitches or staples .You can leave the operating room with your leg in a continuous passive motion (CPM) machine. While you are lying down this CPM machine will smoothly bend and flex your new knee.

Partial Knee Replacement Surgery
What is Partial Knee Replacement?
A partial knee replacement is also known as an unicondylar knee replacement, It replaces only one part of a damaged knee, either medial part, lateral part or kneecap part of the knee. This surgery can be done when the damage is constrained to a particular portion of the knee.

How Partial Knee Replacement Surgery is Performed?
1. Before starting this surgery, you will be given anesthesia to block pain. You will have one of two anesthesia types:

General anesthesia
Spinal or Epidural anesthesia
2. The surgeon makes an incision over the knee, this cut is about 4 to 6 inches long.

3. Next, the surgeon figure out the entire knee joint if there is only part is damaged then the partial knee replacement surgery will be perform otherwise you may need a total knee replacement.

4. In the next step, the injured bone and tissue are removed by the surgeon.

5. A artificial component, which is made from plastic, is placed into the affected area of your knee joint.

6. After placing the plastic metal the surgeon fix it with the help of bone cement.

7. In the final step, the wound is closed by stitches.

Find Best Knee Replacement Surgeon/Doctor in Jaipur, Rajasthan
Are you looking for Best Knee Replacement Surgeon in Jaipur? Contact Dr. Deepak Saini who is one of the most splicate killed and leading orthopaedic surgeon in jaipur.

Dr. Deepak Saini provides best treatment for total knee replacement in Jaipur by using latest technologies such as:

  • Customized 3-D implant printing
  • Wound closure technology
  • Innovative pain technology
  • Minimally invasive quad-sparing knee replacement
    Here, you will get the most skilled and experienced orthopaedic surgeons, all they have a vast experience in their specific fields and they provide best & top-notch treatment for total knee replacement surgery in Jaipur.

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