What is agile software development?
Agile software development is a set of management framework and practices to develop high quality product and deliver the set of features in software which are actually needed by the users. The product development lifecycle is full of pivotal points according to which you have to keep on modifying the product according to user’s demand and interaction behavior with the software. The earlier models were not capable to observe required changes at early stage and adapting the changes to make the product a better market fit.
What is agile software development? Agile is an iterative approach to software development and project management that helps teams deliver value to their customers by continuously learning and adapting from customer and development team’s feedback. Instead of developing and launching the product as a whole, an agile team delivers work in small, but consumable, increments.
Agile not only focuses on software design, its behavior but also on architecture and code quality. The initial approach in agile software development is to use the third-party components at first to hit the market as fast as possible at lowest possible costs. If everything works fine and start evolving then you develop and replace the components that you rented earlier along with new innovative features.
Agile was built on top of principles written in agile manifesto which offer a great value proposition and confidence to business owners when their software is under development.
The Manifesto for Agile Software Development is based on twelve principles:
Customer satisfaction by early and continuous delivery of valuable software.
Welcome changing requirements, even in later development stage.
Deliver working software frequently (within 2 to 4 weeks)
Close, daily cooperation between business people and developers
Projects are built around motivated individuals, who should be trusted
Face to face conversation is the best form of communication (collocated teams)
Working software is the primary measure of progress
Sustainable development, able to maintain a constant pace
Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design
Simplicity—the art of maximizing the amount of work not done—is essential
Best architectures, requirements, and designs emerge from self-organizing teams
Regularly, the team reflects on how to become more effective, and adjusts accordingly
For large scale enterprises Large Scale Scrum and Scaled agile frameworks have been introduced couple of years ago to deal with gigantic projects.
Who created agile?
The roots of agile can be tracked to 1957 from adaptive software development only in the 90s people were able to actually develop these adaptive frameworks which we know as RAD, Extreme programming, feature driven development and dynamic systems development method.
The foundation processes of most popular agile software development framework SCRUM were conceived by JEFF Sutherland and Ken Schwaber in the early 1990s. In 2001 these two and 15 more developers came together to form Scrum alliance and published “Manifesto to agile software development”. In 2009 Ken Schwaber left Scrum alliance and founded Scrum organization.
The biggest reason is that technology evolves from semiconductors, Integrated chips, hardware, communication channels to software in short everything evolves so does customer’s demand. We have lived in an era where technology evolved from 20 years ago when webpages took minutes in loading on our PC to gaming platforms like google stadia which requires recording an action and fetching 4k video content in response to that action from data centers to gamer’s device at real time.
Businesses are in business to leverage opportunities at right time and for that you need to keep on innovating. To meet customer’s demand, you need to deploy a minimum viable product, learn from your mistakes adapt and redeploy your project. As agile software development focuses on delivering small chunks of working software it will work perfect for a business to gather their customer’s feedback at early stages and save wastage of work as well as resources.
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