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What is Interactive Electronic Technical Manual (IETM) and How Does it Work?

Yesterday, We have received a call, “Can you develop IET Manuals for our System?”, and we said Yes, We have been doing it for 8 years. Immediate question was, can you share 10 pages of the sample ?

IETM is a Software/ Web Application Having Database

We would like to clarify here that, of course, the IETM name indicates technical manual, but actually it is not any document i.e. PDF, MS Word, or another document format. It’s a software/Web Application where all the manuals are dynamically hyperlinked using an SQL database. You may call it a Web Application, Software having Database (SQL CSDB, Common Source DataBase)

As the name suggests, it’s interactive and used in electronic devices i.e. systems, PDAs, etc.

IETM Explained in Simple Terms

Not clear yet, let me put it in another way.  When we purchase a Car, we get a user Hard copy of the manual has some 1000 pages. Similarly, when OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer)   delivers some big vehicle or machinery or systems having a lot of subsystems, then along with the Physical components, OEMs also delivers hard copies of manuals.

Hard copies may be related to the user manual, maintenance manual, troubleshooting, Operations, Man-machine Interface, etc.  Then the volume of hard copies would reach 3000 per subsystem.

For large systems i.e. Missiles, Ships, Radars, etc will have the number of subsystems then OEMs have to give around 20,000 – 50,000 hard copies to Army/Navy/Airforce.

Along with hard copies OEMs also have to supply, Training Videos and Commuter based training, and soft copies of manuals(PDFs).

Now, when trouble arises, it’s really difficult to refer 30,000 pages and cross-refer few sections which are in separate hard copies in stipulated time.

How Interactive Electronic Technical Manual (IETM) is Being Used?

In this scenario, IETMs have evolved as saviors. IETMs are electronically combined and given hyperlinks. We may consider PDF files as Level 1, Indexed PDFs as Level 2, HTML Based indexed files will be considered as Level -3. Levels -1 and 2 or no more used as deliverables. Level -3 can be used when the pages are 3000 to 4000.

When pages are more than 25,000 then to access faster, the Database plays a major role. Content / all manuals are converted into the SQL database (CSDB – Common Source DataBase)  and hierarchically organized with User management and content management and authoring functionalities

Levels Usage in Interactive Electronic Technical Manual (IETM)

The software that is used to manage thousands of pages is called IETM Level 4. Based on the complexity, the number of pages either Level 3 or Level 4 is used. Level -5 also exists with more functionality i.e. intelligent search, user activity tracking, and other advanced navigation features.

JSG – 0852:2001 is the Indian Standard of IETM and s1000d is the European standard of IETM

We are proud to be in association with Indian Defense. CODE AND PIXELS IETM Framework has been successfully used by Army, Navy, and Air force since 2013. We have empaneled vendors to supply software to DRDO, ASL, BDL, ECIL, and many other OEMs who supply systems and subsystems to various Indian Defense agencies.

Code and Pixels has developed Robust Framework and authoring tools and we have successfully executed 25 + IETMs design and Development projects

Code and Pixels IETM ArthitectureCode and Pixels Premises

Documents converted to
SQL database

CNP Author Studio



All types of legacy documents, Manuals, ISPL, Pictures, Videos

CNP = Code and Pixels CSDB = Common Source database

CNP CSDB Viewer “CNPV-0852" software will be installed at client server or cloud

or (on)

(AWS, Google cloud)


Local Server
Linux A z= Windows10 Neg

IETM Administrator


2 Te Ta

IETM Architecture

Code and Pixels IETM JSG 0852:2001JSG -0852 :2001

IETM JSG-0852:2001

Code and Pixels IETM S1000DS1000D

Documents converted to

XML database a

CCNP CSDB Author Studio
“CNPAS-1000D" CSDB (XML) —$1000D


<a rel=S——

+ m=

S1000D Developers

  • When Navy/IAF/Army wants , it is implied that the navy has CSDB Suit /Local CSDB Server
  • 20- 50 OEMs or Service providers will give S1000d data Modules of various systems and the Navy CSDB Local server will host them and monitor them and does the user management
  • If the navy does not have a CSDB suit then, still they can run IETM, but a standalone version where no user management will be done by IETM Viewer.
  • (User management will be done by Navy CSDB Local server which hosts all the data modules of various OEMs)
  • If you are OEM and navy has asked you for  S1000d, then ask them that being an OEM you will give s1000d XML files. Where will they host them? do they have CSDB Server to host the files? Are they planning for CSDB Server in the future?
  • User administration and management, course allocation is done from CSDB Server only
  • if they don’t have a CSDB server, still they can View S1000D, but  in standalone mode (IETM Viewer)

Advatages of Interactive Electronic Technical Manual (IETM)

  • A major advantage of s1000d is, let us say each ship is built by has 50 OEMs and all 50 OEMs supply IETMS in different formats, then it will be difficult to maintain uniformity.
  • If all 50 vendors give navy s1000d IETMs then all the IETMs will almost in a similar format.
  • To achieve this, the Navy must have an S1000d CSDB server with them to host all OEMs received by various vendors.
  • If the Navy does not have an S1000d CSDB Server with them, then the purpose and  benefits of S1000d cant be achieved

Definitely, S1000d has Advantage if the navy has an S1000d CSDB Server, otherwise, it’s equivalent to seeing files in IETM Level 3 viewer.

Code and Pixels IETMWhat is Major similarities and differences between JSG 0852 and s1000d

15G - 0852 : 20001

Needs Raw content to covert to SQL Database
HTML/SGML as source file

IETM has inbuilt Authoring tool, Content management
t00l, User Management and reporting

Works in Standalone and Client server mode

IETM has Viewer and Administrator and Author Modules
Content can be edited by OEM without any tool

In short, OEM need not have any software to deploy



Needs Raw content to covert to XML Database

XML as source file

OEM or the place IETM is being deployed must have CSD8
webserver to host the Data Modules/ s1000d XML files to
have user management and content management.

Vendor give 10004 files to OEM If OEM has CSDB studio
server then IETP can be hosted in that server. Otherwise, it
plays in standalone machine as a Viewer.

OEM needs S1000d author tool, commercially available off
the shelf software to edit

OEM must have s1000d CSDB server to deploy $1000d files.
If no CSDB Server is available then $1000d can still be

viewed in Viewer without any Administration tools


Code and Pixels IETM JSJ vs S1000D

IETM JSJ vs S1000D

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